In 1952, the United States elected a new president, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and on November 29, 1952, the president-elect went to Korea to study what might end the Korean War.  With the adoption by the United Nations of the Korean War State proposed by India, the KPA, the VPA and UNC stopped the fire with the battle line on the Kansas line, for example. , a line of UN positions north of the 38th parallel, which had been established in Operation Rugged.  When the belligerents agreed to the ceasefire, they established the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), which has since been patrolled by KPA, ROKA, the United States and the common UNC forces. Discussions continued slowly due to difficulties in demarcating the border between North and South Korea. China and North Korea expected the line to remain on the 38th parallel. Within weeks, however, the two nations accepted the Kansas Line.  In March 1953, the death of Joseph Stalin contributed to the negotiation. While the Chinese head of state, Mao Zedong, was unwilling to compromise, two weeks after Stalin`s death, the new Soviet leaders made a statement calling for a swift end to hostilities.
 The CPC Central Committee instructs Chinese representatives at the United Nations on how to respond to the confrontation over the Korea issue. Chinese officials must express their willingness to end military action and express a desire to know the positions of the United Nations and the United States on the conditions for a ceasefire. (a) headquarters near PANMUNJOM (37 57`29″ n, 126 40`00″ e). The Military Ceasefire Commission may transfer its headquarters to another point in the demilitarized zone, in agreement with senior officials of both parties in the Commission. b) act as a common organization without a president. (c) adopt the internal regulation which they consider necessary from time to time;d) to monitor the implementation of the provisions of the ceasefire agreement concerning the demilitarized zone and the mouth of the Han River. (e) manage the activities of the joint observation teams. (f) to resolve, through negotiations, any violations of this ceasefire agreement. (g) immediately forward to the commanders of the opposing parties any report of investigation into violations of this ceasefire agreement, as well as all other reports and recordings of reports and records of procedures received by the United Nations Oversight Commission. (h) to provide general supervision and instructions to the activities of the Committee for the Repatriation of Pots of War and the Committee for the Support for the Return of Displaced Civilians, established below.
(i) act as a mediator in the transmission of communications between the commanders of the opposing parties; However, unless the above is construed as not preventing commanders of both parties from communicating with each other in other ways that they may wish to use. (j) its officers and their teams of mixed observers, special information and badges, as well as mandatory marking for all vehicles, aircraft and ships used in the performance of their mission.