Unhcr Tripartite Agreement

Kabami Kalumiya, Associate External Relations Officer: kalumiya@unhcr.org + 237 691 14 12 26 The first tripartite agreement was concluded in Hungary in 2006. A similar agreement was signed in Slovakia in September 2007, Romania in July 2008, Slovenia in October 2008, Poland in October 2008 and Bulgaria in April 2010. The signing of the tripartite agreement also established the Tripartite Commission, which will oversee the implementation phase of the agreement and ensure that practical arrangements are implemented for the implementation of the terms of the agreement. The Commission will be composed of officials from all three parties. This tripartite agreement is an important step in creating the conditions for the safe, voluntary, dignified and sustainable return of Rohingya refugees. It is in line with the statement by the President of the Security Council of 6 November 2017 and the Security Council press release of 9 May. The MoU provides a framework for the return programme and describes the role of UNHCR and UNDP in the process. The agreement also gives the two UN bodies effective access to Rakhine State for the first time since last August, when violence erupted and hundreds of thousands of people were forced to flee. UN agencies will be able to visit areas of the region to determine whether they meet the criteria for safe return and will set up return centres and protection programmes. More than 700,000 people have fled Rakhine State to Bangladesh across the border since last summer following military action against the Arakan Rohingya insurgent army.

Last November, Myanmar and Bangladesh signed a bilateral agreement to facilitate return, but the deal has been widely criticized by the international community for refugee security and the lack of involvement of the United Nations. As of last February, only 8,032 people had registered for the return process. Although some border surveillance activities have already been carried out, tripartite agreements have formalized cooperation and defined the roles and responsibilities of the parties concerned. They have put in place a framework for asylum seekers to enter a country, obtain protection and not fear being returned to the place from which they fled. The Nigerian Minister of Interior thanked Cameroon and its people for welcoming Nigerian refugees and for the continued solidarity with those fleeing because of the Boko Haram insurgency. Raïssa Touraire Ngou, Reporting Assistant: NGOU@unhcr.org + 237 693 01 73 80; Border management and refugee protection projects are based on tripartite agreements between Governments, NGOs and UNHCR. The tripartite agreements ensure that UNHCR and its NGO partners can visit crossing points and detention centres to determine whether asylum seekers have access to the country`s territory and to fair and efficient asylum procedures. The new signed agreement aims to facilitate last year`s bilateral return agreement, under the leadership and with the help of UN agencies. The tripartite agreement, signed on Wednesday, June 6 in Nay Pyi Taw, sets out the conditions under which the voluntary return of the Rohingya can take place and where, if they wish, they can resume travel from refugee camps in Bangladesh to their homes in myanmar`s western Rakhine state. .

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